Tourism in Ujjain earned greater significance, because the famous temples are here. Lord Mahakaleshwara is one of them. The presiding deity of time, the Lord Shiva, in all his splendor reigns eternal in Ujjain. The temple of Mahakaleshwar, its shikhara soaring into the skies, evokes primordial awe and reverence with its majesty. The Mahakal dominates the life of the city and its people, even in the midst of the busy routine of modern preoccupations, and provides an unbreakable link with past traditions. Because of Mahakaleshwara temple Ujjain is among the most famous Ujjain temples.
According to Hindu scriptures, the universe is seen as consisting of three regions-the sky, the earth and the nether. Mahakal is Lord of the earth. Out of the 12 Jyotirlingas, only Mahakal is known as the Lord of the earth and Lord of the death. The meaning of Mahakal is taken as Lord of Time and also Lord of death. In astronomical calculations, Shanku Yantra is an important instrument. It is believed that at the centre of earth Ujjain at the place of that shanku yantra the Jyotirlinga Mahakala is established. From this place the astronomical calculations for the entire world were done.
Ved Vyas sang glory of Mahakala in Mahabharat and so did poets like Kalidas, Banbhatt and Bhoja. In 11th century, the temple was renovated during Parmar regime. In 1234, Sultan Iltutmish of Delhi attacked on Ujjain and demolished Mahakal temple. From the Shivapuran reference, it appears that the temple was built eight generations before Nanda, the guardian of Lord Krishna. Perhaps at that time the Jyotirlinga was established. The Shikhar of the temple has been high and the premises been large from ancient times. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is situated below ground level in the main temple. The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, facing the south.
The temple of Mahakaleshwar is among the most visiting places in Ujjain. The present temple of Mahakaleshwar located near a lake is set upon a spacious courtyard and surrounded by massive walls. It has five levels, one of which is underground. The Shikhar is sculptural finery. Brass lamps light the way to the underground sanctum. The present beautiful temple was constructed by Sukhtankar Ramchandra Baba Shenavi, a divan of Ranoji Shinde during Bajirao Peshwa regime in 18th century. If want spiritual development you can visit Mahakaleshwar temple to get inner peace and great spirituality.
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, among the most popular places to visit in Ujjain city, is situated below ground level (Garbhagriha) in the main temple. The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, facing the south. This is a unique feature upheld by tantric traditions to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas. Due to these considerations, worship of Shri Mahakal with vedic mantras proves fruitful for the devotee. The idol of Omkareshwar Shiva is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Kartikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the sanctum. To the south is the image of Nandi. The idol of Nagchandreshwar on the third storey is open for darshan only on the day of Nagpanchmi.
To attend Bhasma Arti in Mahakaleshwar is desire for every Hindu devotee. Mahakal and Bhasma Arti are synonymous with each other. Bhasma means ash. Mahakaleshwar is the only Jyotirlinga temple,where the Bhasma Arti is performed. Amidst vedic chants and strotras and sounds of cymbals, conchs and damru, the Bhasma arti is performed every morning (Except the second day of Mahashivaratri). Devotees from all over the world come here for Ujjain Darshan as there are many places for sightseeing in Ujjain.
History Of Ujjain
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, overlooking the south. At the naval point of the earth south fronting Mahakala is positioned, the only Jyotirling of its type. This fact has a distinct connotation in the Tantric rituals. This is a unique mouth upheld by tantric customs to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas. The icon of Omkareshwar Shiva is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the shrine sanctorum. To the south is the image of Nandi. The icon of Nagchandreshwar on the third storey is open for darshan only on the day of Nagpanchmi. On the day of Mahashivaratri, an enormous fair is held near the temple. It is one of the best mandir in Ujjain and a best place to choose for tourism in Ujjain.
Ujjain, the city of Mahakal, previously known as Avanti, Kushsthali, Kanashringa, Bhaumvati, Padmavati, Pratikalpa, Amaravati, Vishala, Avantika and Ujjayani is considered to be among the holiest cities in India. The only south-facing idol of Mahakaleshwar, considered as the God of all the divinities and demons alike, is positioned at Ujjain. The Adi Purana pronounces Ujjain as the most sacred city on the earth. The city has been a seat of scholarship where all disciplines of knowledge have flourished since time immemorial. Ujjain Mahakal is the prime source of getting the actual internal peace and amity. Also kumbh mela in Ujjain carries its own importance in terms of spirituality, spiritual development and spiritual growth.
Ujjain is well-connected by rail, air and road. It is on the Western Railway and is connected by direct train to most major Indian cities. Ujjain has an air strip. The nearest airport is Indore Airport. The road network is developed with other parts of Madhya Pradesh. It is among preeminent Indian tourist places and there are number of beautiful places to visit in Ujjain.
The Bhasma Aarti
The Bhasma Aarti (offering of ashes) is a mandatory ritual offered to Lord Mahakaleshwar daily at 4 AM. This two hour long pooja is performed using burning cow dung cakes (upale). During Aarti, chanting of mantras, sounds and vibrations within make it a very powerful aarti once in a life time experience. Among 12 jyothirlingas, this jyothirlinga is the only jyothirling where bhasma aarti is performed. During the bhasma aarti no one is allowed to enter into garbhagriha. Devotees will be allowed to nandi hall and barricades behind nandi hall for participating in the bhasma aarti. Nandi hall which is situated outside the sanctum santorumm, accommodates 100 people where as 500 devotees could sit near barricades behind the nandi hall. Brasma Aarti is very spiritual development practice. It makes to feel connected to Lord Mahakalashwar. Mahakaleshwar is one of the most famous among Ujjain temples.
Instructions before applying online Bhasmarti Booking:
- Bhasmarti shall be booked in advance of maximum 30 days only.
- A maximum of 4 devotees including applicant will be allowed per one online bhasmarti booking ticket.
- In case of children identity proof of parent is allowed.
- If any devotee does not have any type of photo identity & proof of identity, specify his/her relation with applicant (ticket will be issued in the name of applicant).
- If applicant wants to participate in bhasmarti, his/her name and details should be entered. to register yourself online for bhasma aarti tickets.